Some men are embarrassed to remove their shirts because of one thing – gynecomastia. Gynecomastia is a medical condition common in men and boys. It refers to the enlargement of the glandular tissue rather than the fat tissue of the male breast. In layman’s term, it is referred to as “man boobs”.
If you are having this kind of problem, it is crucial that you understand it. Here’s what you should know about gynecomastia:
What is true gynecomastia?
You have to know that there is such a thing as true gynecomastia and pseudogynecomastia or lipomastia. True gynecomastia refers to the enlargement of the glandular tissue of the male breast. Pseudogynecomastia, on the other hand, is the presence of fat deposits in the breast area and this is common for obese men. It is crucial that the two is distinguished. After diagnosed, you can go through the Gynexol Reviews | Best Gynecomastia Removing Cream for more information.
What causes the enlargement of the male breast?
Keep in mind that all normal humans have both female and male hormones. Gynecomastia happens when there is a hormonal imbalance in the body. This happens when androgens (male hormones) are low compared to the estrogen (female hormones) levels in the body.
There are other cases where gynecomastia is caused by medical treatments or medical conditions that encourage the body to create more female hormones. Examples of medical treatments linked to gynecomastia include diuretic spironolactone, ACE inhibitor drugs, anti-ulcer drugs, some antibiotics, and antiretroviral therapy. Examples of conditions associated with gynecomastia include cirrhosis of the liver, chronic kidney failure, malnutrition, aging, and hyperthyroidism.
What are the symptoms of gynecomastia?
The main symptom is the enlargement of the male breasts. It is symmetrical in location to the nipple area and has a firm feel. The enlargement happens on both sides. However, the enlargement may be greater on one side. There is sensitivity and tenderness although it is not that painful.
How to diagnose it?
Gynecomastia is technically the presence of breast tissue greater than 0.5 cm in diameter. As mentioned earlier, it is present around the nipple. It can be diagnosed through physical examination. The physician will ask for the medical history including drug and medication use. If there is a suspicion of cancer, a mammogram will be ordered.
What are the treatments?
Remember that gynecomastia in pubertal males often goes away within 6 months. If this is not the case, doctors can:
• Recommend stopping or replacing the medications and treatment of existing health
conditions that caused the enlargement of the breast.
• Recommend taking medications specifically formulated to reduce gynecomastia in the early stages.
• Advise using chest-sculpting gel. If considered, it is prudent to seek the remedy first.
• Endorse breast reduction surgery. You have to know that after the tissue has become scarred, medications may not be effective. In this case, the doctor will endorse a surgical removal. Breast reduction surgery is also called reduction mammoplasty.
Can it be prevented?
If gynecomastia is caused by hormonal fluctuations, it cannot be prevented. If it is related to medical conditions, it can be resolved only if the underlying condition is prevented.